He includes the examples of Japan’s rejection of guns, and religious groups such as the Amish or Mennonites, who carefully consider the effects of any technology on their society before adopting it. He points out that a common view is that mechanical systems are deterministic or inevitable.
The technology can be used to improve the productivity of human labour, reduce physical efforts and increase the quality of life of the population, but the technology can also cause social differences (according to the technological knowledge), pollute the environment and cause unemployment (the workers are replaced by machines).
Some of the most poignant criticisms of technology are found in what are now considered to be dystopian literary classics, for example Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World and other writings, Anthony Burgess’s A Clockwork Orange, and George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four.
Throughout the chapter Nye provides examples of dangers and protections technology has provided us. He ends the chapter by saying, Paradoxically, advanced technologies can make us safer, but to do so they unavoidably expose us to dangers”(Nye, 2007, p.184).